Patients’ knowledge towards prevention of complications from hypertension after health education intervention in Nghe An Friendship general Hospital: a quasi-experimental study
Objective: To describe the current knowledge towards prevention hypertensive complications among outpatients managed by Nghe An Friendship General Hospital Hospital in 2021 and to evaluate changes in their knowledge regarding prevention complications from hypertension after a health education intervention.
Method: A before and after study design was conducted in 89 hypertensive outpatients managed by Nghe An Friendship General Hospital from February to April 2021. The patients’ knowledge towards the prevention of hypertensive complications was carried out before, right after and one month after the intervention.
Results: The overall mean ± SD score of study patients’ knowledge in preventing hypertensive complications before the intervention was unsatisfactory with 30.28 ± 4.63 per the total 56 points of the scale. There was a significant improvement right after the intervention as well as one month after the intervention with 55.30 ± 4.36 and 52.89 ± 5.37, respectively (p values of 0.001).
Conclusion: The education intervention improved significantly the study patients' knowledge on preventing complications from hypertension. The study’s results show the need to enhance patients’ knowledge towards preventing complications for hypertensive outpatients.