Factors related to use of prenatal screening tests at Hanoi Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital in 2021
Purpose: To examine the rate of use of prenatal screening tests and the factors related to the use of prenatal screening tests in pregnant women at Hanoi Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital.
Participants and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed on 350 pregnant women who came for prenatal screening at Hanoi Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital.
Results: 62% of pregnant women performed fetal ultrasound; 59.1% used Double test. 20.6% and 28.6% of pregnant women performed Triple test and NIPT. Only 25.4% of pregnant women used prenatal screening test according to the correct gestational age. The results indicated that the factors related to the use of the prenatal screening test included age, academic level, times of pregnance, previous results of screening tests, counseling. Specifically, the participants in the age group older than 30 years old, with a university degree or higher using the prenatal screening tests were higher at 5.26 times and 3.08 times compared to younger and lower educated participants. The participants with the second time or more of pregnance, risks from previous test results and counseled for prenatal screening tests using prenatal screening tests were 3.80 times, 3.22 times and 2.57 times compared to the participants with the first pregnancy, the previous normal test results, and without prenatal screening test counseling.
Conclusion: These findings suggested that nurses and health care providers who are responsible for pregnant women should pay more attention to strengthen health education, timely counseling to raise awareness of pregnant women, especially in the group of pregnant women over 30 years old, with low education level, abnormal previous test results about the importance of prenatal screening tests, to help pregnant women make the right decisions to take the right prenatal screening tests in protecting the health of both mother and fetus.