Family-based intervention for suicide prevention in adolescences: a systematic review

  • Pham Thi Thu Huong, Pham Thi Thu Hien, Nguyen Thi Son, Nguyen Thi My Ngoc
Từ khóa: adolescence, suicide prevention, family caregiver, family intervention therapy

Tóm tắt

Aims: To examine the effectiveness of Family-Based Intervention for suicide prevention in adolescences. Design: A systematic review. Data sources: Search was performed in MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane library. Method: Literature search was performed during April to May 2020 using inclusion and exclusion criteria. PRISMA guidelineswerefollowed.Identified recordswerereviewedbytitle,abstractand by the full text by main researcher then made a quality assessment of the included studies.Includedstudieswereextractedand synthesized. Results: In total, 451 articles were retrieved via database searching. Following initial screening, 422 full-text articles were screened, of which six met our inclusion criteria. The review therefore includes findings from six studies which were assessed as high quality. Fivestudies were RCTs and one study was RCTs trial which delivered in both clinical setting and participants’ home. All six studiesreported significantreductioninsuicideideation,self-harm of the teenagers and no completed suicide during the treatment and follow-up period. Conclusion: Overall all studies were conducted in high-income countries with refer from emergency departments andpsychiatrichospitals.Weidentifiedthat family-based interventions are powerful evidence to reduce suicidal ideation and self-harm for adolescences. Implication: This study ensured rigorous methodology, followed PRISMA recommendations and evaluated quality of identified literature usingCochraneRiskofBiasToolguidelines. A critical synthesis was performed to produce a conceptualization of evidence. The synthesis represents effective family interventions for suicide prevention of adolescence with suiciderisk.

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