Forming limit curve determination of AA6061-T6 aluminum alloy sheet

  • Nguyen Huu Hao
  • Nguyen Ngoc Trung
  • Vu Cong Hoa


The forming limit curve (FLC) is used in sheet metal forming analysis to determine the critical strain or stress values at which the sheet metal is failing when it is under the plastic deformation process, e.g. deep drawing process. In this paper, the FLC of the AA6061-T6 aluminum alloy sheet is predicted by using a micro-mechanistic constitutive model. The proposed constitutive model is implemented via a vectorized user-defined material subroutine (VUMAT) and integrated with finite element code in ABAQUS/Explicit software. The mechanical behavior of AA6061-T6 sheet is determined by the tensile tests. The material parameters of damage model are identified based on semi-experience method. To archive the various strain states, the numerical simulation is conducted for the Nakajima test and then the inverse parabolic fit technique that based on ISO 124004-2:2008 standrad is used to extracted the limit strain values. The numerical results are compared with the those of M-K, Hill and Swift analytical models. 

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