ASEAN Journal on Science and Technology for Development, T. 22, S. 4 (2005)

Cỡ chữ:  Nhỏ  Vừa  Lớn

Studies on Fucoidan and its Production from Vietnamese Brown Seaweeds

Ly Minh Bui, Buu Quoc Ngo, Nhut Duy Nguyen, Thinh Duc Pham, Van Thi Thanh Tran

Tóm tắt

Sulfated fucans are among the most widely studied of all the sulfated polysaccharides of plant origin that exhibit biological activities in mammalian systems. In this report fucoidans from some Vietnamese Sargassum species such as S. polycystum, S. oligocystum, S. mcclurei, S. swartzii and denticaprum were extracted and fractionated on a DEAE-Sephadex A-25 column.

On the basis of chemical and spectral analyses, the fucoidan fractions obtained were found to be the sulfated fucogalactans containing sulfate ester groups and uronic acid, and composed essentially of fucose and galactose, as well as a minor amount of other sugars. The polysaccharide fractions were tested for anticancer activity. The primarily obtained results showed that all fucoidan fractions isolated from S. swartzii demonstrate bioactivity effects against cancer cells, while fraction F5 with a highest sulfate content exhibits the strongest anti-invasion activity. This indicates that sulfate content plays an important role in the anticancer activity of the brown algal fucoidans.

A laboratory scale pilot for fucoidan production from Vietnamese brown seaweeds has been set with a capacity of 500 g of crude fucoidan per day.

Keywords: Fucoidan, Apoptosis, Seaweed, Sargassum, Anti-invasion activity

AJSTD Vol.22(4) pp.371-380 (2005)